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State of Conservation

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1239
Reports
151
Properties
76
States Parties
Statistics by properties (by regions and categories)
Year Property SOC Regions Categories
EUR-NA APA LAC ARB AFR Cultural Natural Mixed
1982
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
1
100%
1%
1 0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
1
100%
1%
0
0%
0%
1
100%
1%
0
0%
0%
1983
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
1
50%
1%
1 0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
1
50%
1%
0
0%
0%
1
50%
1%
0
0%
0%
1984
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
6
200%
4%
6 1
33%
1%
0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
5
167%
3%
0
0%
0%
6
200%
4%
0
0%
0%
1985
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
11
122%
6%
11 3
33%
2%
1
11%
1%
2
22%
1%
1
11%
1%
4
44%
2%
0
0%
0%
11
122%
6%
0
0%
0%
1986
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
15
115%
7%
15 1
8%
0%
2
15%
1%
3
23%
1%
1
8%
0%
8
62%
4%
0
0%
0%
15
115%
7%
0
0%
0%
1987
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
8
47%
3%
8 0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
1
6%
0%
1
6%
0%
6
35%
2%
0
0%
0%
8
47%
3%
0
0%
0%
1988
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
6
43%
2%
6 1
7%
0%
0
0%
0%
2
14%
1%
0
0%
0%
3
21%
1%
0
0%
0%
6
43%
2%
0
0%
0%
1989
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
17
142%
5%
17 3
25%
1%
3
25%
1%
5
42%
2%
1
8%
0%
5
42%
2%
0
0%
0%
17
142%
5%
0
0%
0%
1990
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
17
77%
5%
17 4
18%
1%
3
14%
1%
3
14%
1%
1
5%
0%
6
27%
2%
0
0%
0%
17
77%
5%
0
0%
0%
1991
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
22
69%
7%
22 8
25%
2%
3
9%
1%
5
16%
1%
0
0%
0%
6
19%
2%
0
0%
0%
22
69%
7%
0
0%
0%
1992
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
25
76%
7%
25 8
24%
2%
3
9%
1%
5
15%
1%
0
0%
0%
9
27%
3%
0
0%
0%
25
76%
7%
0
0%
0%
1993
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
19
37%
5%
19 6
12%
2%
4
8%
1%
3
6%
1%
0
0%
0%
6
12%
2%
0
0%
0%
19
37%
5%
0
0%
0%
1994
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
19
27%
5%
19 4
6%
1%
5
7%
1%
2
3%
0%
1
1%
0%
7
10%
2%
0
0%
0%
19
27%
5%
0
0%
0%
1995
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
25
34%
6%
25 8
11%
2%
4
5%
1%
5
7%
1%
1
1%
0%
7
10%
2%
0
0%
0%
25
34%
6%
0
0%
0%
1996
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
23
37%
5%
23 7
11%
1%
3
5%
1%
5
8%
1%
2
3%
0%
6
10%
1%
0
0%
0%
23
37%
5%
0
0%
0%
1997
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
43
67%
9%
43 10
16%
2%
14
22%
3%
7
11%
1%
3
5%
1%
9
14%
2%
0
0%
0%
43
67%
9%
0
0%
0%
1998
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
46
45%
8%
46 12
12%
2%
13
13%
2%
9
9%
2%
2
2%
0%
10
10%
2%
0
0%
0%
46
45%
8%
0
0%
0%
1999
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
47
37%
8%
47 8
6%
1%
13
10%
2%
9
7%
2%
2
2%
0%
15
12%
3%
0
0%
0%
47
37%
8%
0
0%
0%
2000
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
53
48%
8%
53 13
12%
2%
14
13%
2%
7
6%
1%
2
2%
0%
17
15%
3%
0
0%
0%
53
48%
8%
0
0%
0%
2001
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
60
54%
9%
60 16
14%
2%
15
13%
2%
10
9%
1%
2
2%
0%
17
15%
2%
0
0%
0%
60
54%
9%
0
0%
0%
2002
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
38
31%
5%
38 15
12%
2%
8
6%
1%
3
2%
0%
2
2%
0%
10
8%
1%
0
0%
0%
38
31%
5%
0
0%
0%
2003
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
44
49%
6%
44 12
13%
2%
7
8%
1%
6
7%
1%
2
2%
0%
17
19%
2%
0
0%
0%
44
49%
6%
0
0%
0%
2004
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
51
36%
7%
51 13
9%
2%
12
8%
2%
6
4%
1%
3
2%
0%
17
12%
2%
0
0%
0%
51
36%
7%
0
0%
0%
2005
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
44
28%
6%
44 14
9%
2%
9
6%
1%
4
3%
1%
3
2%
0%
14
9%
2%
0
0%
0%
44
28%
6%
0
0%
0%
2006
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
45
33%
6%
45 12
9%
1%
8
6%
1%
4
3%
0%
3
2%
0%
18
13%
2%
0
0%
0%
45
33%
6%
0
0%
0%
2007
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
54
40%
7%
54 12
9%
1%
11
8%
1%
9
7%
1%
3
2%
0%
19
14%
2%
0
0%
0%
54
40%
7%
0
0%
0%
2008
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
53
32%
6%
53 13
8%
2%
11
7%
1%
11
7%
1%
3
2%
0%
15
9%
2%
0
0%
0%
53
32%
6%
0
0%
0%
2009
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
52
33%
6%
52 12
8%
1%
10
6%
1%
8
5%
1%
1
1%
0%
21
13%
2%
0
0%
0%
52
33%
6%
0
0%
0%
2010
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
51
29%
6%
51 11
6%
1%
10
6%
1%
11
6%
1%
2
1%
0%
17
10%
2%
0
0%
0%
51
29%
6%
0
0%
0%
2011
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
50
34%
5%
50 8
5%
1%
13
9%
1%
10
7%
1%
0
0%
0%
19
13%
2%
0
0%
0%
50
34%
5%
0
0%
0%
2012
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
52
30%
6%
52 12
7%
1%
11
6%
1%
10
6%
1%
0
0%
0%
19
11%
2%
0
0%
0%
52
30%
6%
0
0%
0%
2013
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
50
34%
5%
50 14
9%
1%
8
5%
1%
7
5%
1%
2
1%
0%
19
13%
2%
0
0%
0%
50
34%
5%
0
0%
0%
2014
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
54
32%
6%
54 9
5%
1%
12
7%
1%
8
5%
1%
1
1%
0%
24
14%
2%
0
0%
0%
54
32%
6%
0
0%
0%
2015
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
50
33%
5%
50 10
7%
1%
13
9%
1%
8
5%
1%
1
1%
0%
18
12%
2%
0
0%
0%
50
33%
5%
0
0%
0%
2016
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
54
38%
5%
54 14
10%
1%
7
5%
1%
11
8%
1%
2
1%
0%
20
14%
2%
0
0%
0%
54
38%
5%
0
0%
0%
2017
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
33
21%
3%
33 7
4%
1%
8
5%
1%
7
4%
1%
0
0%
0%
11
7%
1%
0
0%
0%
33
21%
3%
0
0%
0%
Threats*
Threats Group of Threats SOC reports Properties
Commercial development Buildings and Development 5 3
Housing Buildings and Development 108 23
Industrial areas Buildings and Development 19 3
Interpretative and visitation facilities Buildings and Development 9 4
Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Buildings and Development 117 27
Air transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 10 5
Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 30 11
Ground transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 277 44
Marine transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 36 8
Underground transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 0 0
Localised utilities Services Infrastructures 21 8
Major linear utilities Services Infrastructures 60 10
Non-renewable energy facilities Services Infrastructures 14 4
Renewable energy facilities Services Infrastructures 35 9
Water infrastructure Services Infrastructures 213 34
Air pollution Pollution 32 7
Ground water pollution Pollution 21 6
Input of excess energy Pollution 20 4
Pollution of marine waters Pollution 14 5
Solid waste Pollution 10 7
Surface water pollution Pollution 105 15
Aquaculture Biological resource use/modification 1 1
Commercial hunting Biological resource use/modification 32 10
Commercial wild plant collection Biological resource use/modification 0 0
Crop production Biological resource use/modification 59 13
Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Biological resource use/modification 95 27
Forestry /wood production Biological resource use/modification 81 23
Land conversion Biological resource use/modification 240 33
Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Biological resource use/modification 199 33
Subsistence hunting Biological resource use/modification 31 10
Subsistence wild plant collection Biological resource use/modification 1 1
Mining Physical resource extraction 285 43
Oil and gas Physical resource extraction 111 31
Quarrying Physical resource extraction 8 2
Water (extraction) Physical resource extraction 57 12
Dust Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Financial resources Local conditions affecting physical fabric 185 48
Governance Local conditions affecting physical fabric 34 10
Human resources Local conditions affecting physical fabric 102 34
Legal framework Local conditions affecting physical fabric 89 25
Management systems/ management plan Local conditions affecting physical fabric 588 114
Micro-organisms Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Pests Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Radiation/light Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Relative humidity Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Temperature Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Water (rain/water table) Local conditions affecting physical fabric 32 4
Wind Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Social/cultural uses of heritage 0 0
Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Social/cultural uses of heritage 205 27
Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Social/cultural uses of heritage 221 46
Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting Social/cultural uses of heritage 16 5
Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses Social/cultural uses of heritage 2 1
Society's valuing of heritage Social/cultural uses of heritage 2 2
Civil unrest Other human activities 191 19
Deliberate destruction of heritage Other human activities 5 2
Illegal activities Other human activities 592 69
Military training Other human activities 1 1
Terrorism Other human activities 0 0
War Other human activities 90 10
Changes to oceanic waters Climate change and severe weather events 9 2
Desertification Climate change and severe weather events 0 0
Drought Climate change and severe weather events 22 4
Flooding Climate change and severe weather events 4 2
Other climate change impacts Climate change and severe weather events 17 7
Storms Climate change and severe weather events 38 5
Temperature change Climate change and severe weather events 13 5
Avalanche/ landslide Sudden ecological or geological events 4 1
Earthquake Sudden ecological or geological events 1 1
Erosion and siltation/ deposition Sudden ecological or geological events 22 7
Fire (widlfires) Sudden ecological or geological events 52 11
Tsunami/tidal wave Sudden ecological or geological events 1 1
Volcanic eruption Sudden ecological or geological events 2 1
Hyper-abundant species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 1 1
Invasive / alien freshwater species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 44 9
Invasive / alien marine species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 21 4
Invasive/alien terrestrial species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 91 22
Modified genetic material Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 0 0
Translocated species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 13 2
High impact research / monitoring activities Management and institutional factors 1 1
Low impact research / monitoring activities Management and institutional factors 0 0
Management activities Management and institutional factors 23 6
Threats by year (SOC reports)*
Threats* Year
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Buildings and Development
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Commercial development 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Housing 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 3 3 5 2 5 8 8 4 9 4 4 6 8 4 4 3
Industrial areas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Interpretative and visitation facilities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 3 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure 0 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 3 2 2 3 1 1 3 1 4 7 8 10 10 10 8 8 10 4 9 5
Transportation Infrastructure
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Air transport infrastructure 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 2 1 0 0 3 4 2 2 3 3 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 0
Ground transport infrastructure 0 0 0 1 3 3 1 3 4 5 4 4 4 6 6 7 9 10 14 20 9 11 11 7 9 11 12 9 9 11 13 12 13 13 15 8
Marine transport infrastructure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2
Underground transport infrastructure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Services Infrastructures
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Localised utilities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 1 0 1 2 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 2 2 0 1 0
Major linear utilities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 2 5 3 3 2 2 2 3 3 3 1 3 4 4 4 4 2 4
Non-renewable energy facilities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 3 3 3 0 2
Renewable energy facilities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 2 4 4 4 1
Water infrastructure 1 1 2 4 4 2 1 2 1 3 6 5 4 2 4 3 5 4 3 4 4 4 5 8 8 11 11 8 12 9 12 10 12 13 14 11
Pollution
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Air pollution 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 3 1 2 0 2 0 3 0 2 1 1 1
Ground water pollution 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 0
Input of excess energy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 2 1 2 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Pollution of marine waters 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 2 0 1 1 1 0 2
Solid waste 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 1
Surface water pollution 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 5 6 5 2 3 4 3 4 3 6 3 5 4 5 4 5 4 3 3
Biological resource use/modification
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Aquaculture 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Commercial hunting 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 0 3 3 1 2 2 2 2 2 2
Commercial wild plant collection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Crop production 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 6 7 6 2 2 1 4 1 1 2 2 0 3
Fishing/collecting aquatic resources 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 2 3 3 3 2 4 5 3 4 4 7 4 4 4 5 4 3 3 2 6 4 3 7 3
Forestry /wood production 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 3 1 4 5 4 5 5 1 6 2 4 4 3 3 6 2 0 2 3 3 4 4 4
Land conversion 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 2 4 3 4 5 5 5 6 9 10 7 12 7 8 9 8 13 14 14 14 13 13 13 16 14 7
Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals 0 0 0 1 1 2 0 1 0 1 2 3 3 2 3 4 4 5 6 6 4 7 8 4 9 11 11 12 10 10 13 14 10 12 14 6
Subsistence hunting 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 1 1 1 2 0 2 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1
Subsistence wild plant collection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Physical resource extraction
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Mining 0 0 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 3 4 4 8 10 8 12 13 9 9 8 10 13 11 12 14 17 14 16 14 18 15 18 11
Oil and gas 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 2 2 0 1 1 1 2 3 3 3 4 2 4 4 3 3 3 5 5 4 6 6 10 10 7 10 4
Quarrying 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Water (extraction) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 5 2 3 4
Local conditions affecting physical fabric
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Dust 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Financial resources 0 0 1 0 2 1 0 1 2 2 5 2 3 4 3 3 4 6 8 10 7 13 14 4 9 11 9 9 7 9 8 4 8 6 5 5
Governance 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 3 3 7 2
Human resources 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 2 3 1 11 12 5 8 8 5 8 3 4 5 4 6 3 5 6
Legal framework 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 2 3 3 2 1 3 3 3 7 6 2 0 2 3 3 2 5 3 8 5 7 9 4
Management systems/ management plan 0 0 1 0 5 3 2 4 7 7 10 7 6 9 8 15 18 23 24 33 24 32 29 19 21 25 26 22 24 22 25 30 30 26 31 20
Micro-organisms 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pests 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Radiation/light 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Relative humidity 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Temperature 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Water (rain/water table) 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 0 1 2 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
Wind 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Social/cultural uses of heritage
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 3 3 4 3 4 6 7 7 8 6 8 9 10 6 8 10 9 8 10 6 7 9 9 7 7 8 8 8 4
Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 2 3 1 2 2 5 9 10 8 8 11 8 8 7 3 9 13 10 9 9 6 13 11 18 8 16 9
Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1
Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Society's valuing of heritage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Other human activities
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Civil unrest 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 4 6 6 6 3 9 12 10 10 10 10 9 10 10 9 10 10 11 8 5
Deliberate destruction of heritage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Illegal activities 0 0 3 2 6 6 2 7 7 6 7 8 9 8 10 15 11 18 25 25 17 22 24 22 25 29 27 29 26 29 29 27 34 27 30 20
Military training 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Terrorism 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
War 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 2 3 3 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 6 6 5 7 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 2
Climate change and severe weather events
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Changes to oceanic waters 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 2 1 0
Desertification 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Drought 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 2 1 0 2 2 3 1 3 1 2 2
Flooding 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other climate change impacts 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 3 1 3 1 2 1
Storms 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 1 1 3 2 3 4 4 2 2
Temperature change 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
Sudden ecological or geological events
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Avalanche/ landslide 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Earthquake 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Erosion and siltation/ deposition 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 2 0 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1
Fire (widlfires) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 3 2 2 1 1 1 3 3 2 3 4 4 2 6 2 4 3 1
Tsunami/tidal wave 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Volcanic eruption 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Hyper-abundant species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Invasive / alien freshwater species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 4 2 2 3 2 2 2 1 2 3 1 4 1 4 1
Invasive / alien marine species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 0
Invasive/alien terrestrial species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 1 1 2 1 3 4 2 1 3 1 2 6 5 6 5 6 3 7 5 4 4 9 7
Modified genetic material 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Translocated species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
Management and institutional factors
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
High impact research / monitoring activities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Low impact research / monitoring activities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Management activities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 3 2 3 1 1 1
Properties
Categories

Regions


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.