State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAlgeria Bahrain Egypt Iraq Jordan Lebanon Libya Mauritania Morocco Oman Palestine Sudan Syrian Arab Republic Tunisia Yemen
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(250) Housing(144) Management activities(97) Illegal activities(59) Water (rain/water table)(56) Deliberate destruction of heritage(51) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(47) Legal framework(45) Land conversion(44) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(44) Human resources(43) Ground transport infrastructure(40) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(32) Water infrastructure(31) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(30) Flooding(27) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(26) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(25) Solid waste(23) Financial resources(23) War(19) Governance(18) Oil and gas(17) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(15) Commercial development(14) Interpretative and visitation facilities(14) Marine transport infrastructure(13) Air pollution(13) Subsistence hunting(12) High impact research / monitoring activities(12) Relative humidity(11) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(10) Crop production(8) Wind(7) Desertification(7) Underground transport infrastructure(5) Surface water pollution(5) Society's valuing of heritage(5) Earthquake(5) Localised utilities(4) Major linear utilities(2) Renewable energy facilities(2) Ground water pollution(2) Mining(2) Other climate change impacts(2) Storms(2) Input of excess energy(1) Quarrying(1) Water (extraction) (1) Micro-organisms(1) Temperature(1) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(1) Military training(1) Temperature change(1) Avalanche/ landslide(1) Invasive / alien marine species(1) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).