World Heritage is the official UNESCO publication from the World Heritage Centre. Featuring in-depth articles on cultural and natural World Heritage sites. The quarterly review is produced in English, French and Spanish.
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This year, for its 42nd session, the World Heritage Committee is hosted by Bahrain in its capital city of Manama. Bahrain has long dedicated its support to the World Heritage Convention, and already chaired the Committee for its 35th session in 2011, at ...
World Heritage and illicit trade
The illicit trafficking of cultural objects depletes cultures of their identity and contributes to lucrative unlawful trade, which helps to finance terrorism and organized crime. It is a problem that has been growing surreptitiously across the globe. As ...
World Heritage and Reconstruction
While conflicts continue to inflict damage – much of it intentional – on heritage sites, reconstruction becomes a critical topic for discussion. The recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction of damaged sites are complex. They involve questions that go ...
World Heritage and Modern Heritage
Modern heritage – the architecture, town planning and landscape design of the modern era, or the last two hundred years or so – is still underrepresented on the World Heritage List. And yet it is an integral part of many urban ensembles, which represent a ...
Special Issue - World Heritage in Poland
This year, the World Heritage Committee will meet for its 41st session in the World Heritage site of the Historic Centre of Kraków. We are very pleased to be hosted by Poland, an early supporter of the World Heritage Convention whose experts even ...
Museums and visitor centres
Thousands of museums are located in and around World Heritage sites. Site museums preserve the integrity of the sites through conservation efforts, but also enhance interpretation and visitor education. Experts, tourists and local communities all have a ...
African Heritage and its sustainable development
In this issue we are pleased to focus on the heritage of Africa and its sustainable development. The diversity and wealth of African heritage is extraordinary, from its large-scale ecosystems to modern architecture; from the memory of slavery and colonial ...
World Heritage and Urban Heritage
Cities are among the most quickly evolving environments on the planet. Over half of the world’s population lives in cities today, and knowing how to manage these urban areas as they grow, so that we can both cherish our history and yet help them to ...
World Heritage in Turkey
The 40th session of the World Heritage Committee is taking place in Istanbul from 10 to 20 July 2016, and we are extremely grateful to Turkey for generously hosting this session. Turkey is a country at the crossroads between Europe and Asia, with a ...
Planet at the Crossroads
From 1 to 10 September 2016, thousands of leaders and decision-makers from government, civil society, indigenous peoples, business and academia will gather together in Honolulu (Hawaii) to share ideas on how to improve the ways we manage the natural ...
World Heritage and gender equality
It is increasingly recognized that culture has an essential role to play as a driver of sustainable development, contributing to the eradication of poverty and enhancing social inclusion. Culture helps to define people’s identities and determines the way ...
The network of World Heritage properties was inter alia intended to ensure the proper preservation of the natural and cultural values of sites inscribed on the World Heritage List. Today, as the planet finds itself confronted with the impact of climate ...
World Heritage in Germany
The annual session of the World Heritage Committee is a crucial period for the Convention, and we are grateful to Germany for hosting us this year. The 39th session of the Committee is taking place as we celebrate the 70th anniversary of UNESCO, marking ...
Special Issue on Iraq
Cultural World Heritage sites are representative of the creativity and genius of humanity. While World Heritage belongs to everyone, and we share the responsibility to protect it, each site embodies the history, values, beliefs and skills of the people ...
Culture - Nature Links
This special issue of World Heritage is about interlinkages between nature and culture. One of the defining characteristics of the World Heritage Convention is that the governance of both natural and cultural values of Outstanding Universal Value falls ...
World Heritage: Fostering resilience
Table of contents In focus Fostering resilience: Towards reducing disaster risks to World Heritage, p. 4World Heritage sites are exposed to a wide variety of natural and human-induced hazards, such as earthquakes, cyclones or fires, which can have ...
World Heritage and our protected planet
The IUCN World Parks Congress meets every ten years, and its November 2014 meeting may prove to be a turning point for protected areas in offering and implementing solutions for the challenges faced by the planet. Taken together, the national parks, ...
Special Issue - World Heritage in Qatar
Each year, the special issue of World Heritage coinciding with the annual World Heritage Committee session gives us the opportunity to focus on the heritage of a particular country or region. This year the 38th session of the Committee is hosted by the ...
World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism
The World Heritage Convention arose from the need to identify and protect outstanding natural and cultural sites for future generations. Over time, the effectiveness of the Convention has led to an increasing number of sites inscribed on the World ...
Synergies to Protect Sites
At the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, world leaders agreed that the conservation of biodiversity was one of the cornerstones of sustainable development. They acknowledged that the world was facing an unprecedented wave of species extinction and the ...
World Heritage agricultural landscapes
Agricultural landscapes are a testimony to humanity’s long interaction with the land, often unique examples of people and nature coexisting and influencing each other. They demonstrate a rich cultural and landscape diversity, sustainable land-use systems ...
World Heritage in Cambodia
The 37th session of the World Heritage Committee will be held from 16 to 27 June 2013 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. This issue explores in the depth the sites of Angkor, one of the most important archaeological sites in South-East Asia, and the Temple of ...
World Heritage and Best Practices
Table of Contents In Focus World Heritage: cooperation, communication and capacity buildingThe inscription of a site can result in specific preservation challenges, making skilled and sustainable management practices crucial to protect its Outstanding ...
Small Island Developing States
Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are islands of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. The UNESCO World Heritage Programme for Small Island Developing States coordinates and develops activities in these areas, providing ...
The issues of World Heritage published during 2012 have largely been devoted to commemorating the adoption of the World Heritage Convention forty years ago, in 1972. This has not been a self-congratulatory exercise but rather an analytical survey, which ...
World Heritage in the Russian Federation
We are happy to publish this special issue dedicated to the World Heritage sites of the Russian Federation on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the World Heritage Convention, which the Committee will be celebrating at its meeting in Saint Petersburg ...
Table of contents Scenic natural beauty How can it be judged? The sites inscribed under criterion vii, known commonly as having the “wow” effect, are more than just stunning landscapes, and we take a close look at their unique qualities and ...
World Heritage and Indigenous Peoples
This edition of World Heritage is devoted to the enduring relationship between a number of World Heritage sites and the indigenous peoples that inhabit them. For historical, cultural and practical reasons this is a complex and sensitive matter, but the ...
World Heritage Forests
Forests, like mountains and oceans, play a critical role in the balance of world climate (as well as in vital carbon capture and retention) and thus in the survival of our species, hence the United Nations’ decision to designate 2011 as the International ...
World Heritage in the Gulf Region
This special issue is devoted entirely to World Heritage sites belonging to members of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf. It thus offers a unique opportunity to discover the rich cultural and natural heritage of a region that ...
Living with Water
Water: its role in human evolution. World Heritage sites offer a wide spectrum of water elements, from glorious water gardens to spectacular aqueducts, grand transport canals to ingenious water mills. This display of human creativity and ingenuity ...
Part threat, part hope The challenge of tourism
What are the benefits of World Heritage List inscription? When it brings higher visibility and increased tourism to a site, how can the site still be protected? Issue 58 of our quarterly magazine explores these questions with a lead article by Jonathan ...
World Heritage in Brazil
Initially protected by the broadest expanses of virtually impenetrable tropical rainforest on Earth, Brazil still takes prides in a stunning variety of species found nowhere else. With giant snakes such as the anaconda, minuscule hummingbirds, iridescent ...
World Heritage Review n°56 Biodiversity
There was a time when the world appeared boundless and inexhaustible. We are just beginning to realize that it is both limited and surprisingly vulnerable. It follows that if we are to survive at all as a species, we shall have to learn to see the world ...
World Heritage Cities
Table of Contents In Focus Revising the approach to urban conservation The capacity of historic cities to accommodate and benefit from the radical and rapid changes that accompany urban growth while maintaining heritage values is becoming a critical ...
Astronomy and World Heritage
Table of Contents Astronomy and World Heritage Astronomical heritage, or cultural heritage relating to the sky, recognizes the relationships between humanity and the cosmos. From the Maya to the Inca and beyond These ancient cultures confronted their ...
World Heritage in Spain
Spain, with its long, complex history and the global character of its territorial and cultural extension, remains marked by a striking diversity of historical influences and regional differences, and it justifiably prides itself on the forty Spanish sites ...
This issue of World Heritage is devoted to a number of truly extraordinary World Heritage sites that allow a better understanding of the history of the Earth and the formation of landscape. It is no surprise that UNESCO has acknowledged this diversity as ...
World Heritage n°51
The greater part of this issue is devoted to the reinstallation of the great stele of Aksum in Ethiopia, an exploit that ranks alongside such major UNESCO achievements as the safeguarding and restoration of the temples of Abu Simbel and Borobudur. The ...
Special Issue: Canadian World Heritage
The 14 World Heritage sites of Canada presented in this issue offer a fascinating pattern. Indeed, they reflect key aspects of the evolution of the very concept of World Heritage over the past 32 years. The sites predictably include historic cities like ...
World Heritage and Biodiversity
A number of World Heritage routes have played a significant part in the history of the five continents – and the way we focus on them in this issue illustrates how far our thinking has evolved in the thirty-five years since the World Heritage ...
At some time during the past one hundred years or so, the great, multimillennial tradition of earthen architecture, which even today is a dominant technique in every world civilization, fell victim to the Modern Ideal. Being ‘modern’, some ...
World Heritage n°47
In Focus New World Heritage sites 2007 Twenty-two sites were added to the World Heritage List during the 31st session of the World Heritage Committee held in Christchurch, New Zealand, bringing the total of inscribed sites to 851 (p.4) ...
Special issue on World Heritage sites in New Zealand, at the occasion of the 31st session of the World Heritage Committee held from 23 June to 2 July in Christchurch, New ...
World Heritage n°45
In Focus Exploring the Spice Route The Spice Route linked the Mediterranean basin to the Far East for over 2,500 years. (p.6) Trade Routes of the Desert A journey across the desert trails of the empires of antiquity. (p.22) The ...
World Heritage Review n°44
This quarterly magazine in English, French and Spanish features in-depth articles on World Heritage sites around the world and superb photographs, as well as the latest news in preservation. Table of Contents In Focus New World Heritage ...
Special issue on World Heritage sites in the Baltic region, at the occasion of the 30th session of the World Heritage Committee held from July 8-16 in Vilnius, ...
Discover the new look of World Heritage, our quarterly magazine in English, French and Spanish featuring in-depth articles on World Heritage sites around the world and superb photographs, as well as the latest news in preservation. In Focus: World ...
World Heritage Review n°41
New World Heritage Sites CITY OF BATH, A Masterpiece of Town Planning THE KII MOUNTAINS, Harmony between Spirit and Nature LEPTIS MAGNA, Imperial City in Africa PURNULULU NATIONAL PARK, A Geological Wonder
Special Issue - South Africa
Special Issue - South Africa Message from Mr Koïchiro Matsuura, Director-General of UNESCO uKhahlamba/Drakensberg Park, Protecting 'the Roof of Africa' World Heritage on the African Continent. A brief overview Mapungubwe National ...
World Heritage Review n°39
The Silk Road: the longest trade route in human history Central Sikhote-Alin: a natural site in the Russian Federation and a refuge for many endangered species The Royal Hill of Ambohimanga: an important centre of worship and pilgrimage in ...
World Heritage Review n°37
Saving natural sites in the Democratic Republic of the Congo World Heritage Focus: partnerships for conservation The outstanding architecture of the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi in Kazakhstan The Guanacaste Conservation Area in Costa ...
World Heritage Review n°36
Special issue China Imperial Sites and Gardens Natural Wonders Mastery of Water Footprints of Faith Discovering Ancient Cities
World Heritage Review n°35
Quebrada de Humahuaca. A Link through the Andes Vineyards. How Wine-growing Shaped the Landscape Djenné. Sumptuous Earthen Architecture Wooden Churches of Southern Little Poland Persepolis. Capital of an Empire
World Heritage Review n°34
Protecting The Amazon Úbeda and Baeza, Renaissance Towns Ancient Ksour of Mauritania Kew Gardens, Treasure House of Botany My Son, Destruction and Rebirth
World Heritage Review n°33
Life of the Buddha in World Heritage New Sites on the World Heritage List Belize Coral Reef Cinque Terre Mesa Verde National Park
World Heritage Review n°31
Borobudur, The Glory of Buddhist Art Baku, City on the Silk Road Robben Island, a Monument to Courage Redwood park, Mother Nature's Cathedral
World Heritage Review n°30
Three Centuries of Saint Petersburg The Smoke that Thunders Victoria Falls Wooden Buildings of Ancient Nara Living with a Volcano Antigua Guatemala Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boí
World Heritage Review n°28
Industrial Heritage in the United Kingdom Kairouan a Muslim Holy City Rainforest Sites on the Australian Continental Plateau Kazan and its Tatar Kremlin Monte Alban Mexico's first city
World Heritage Review n°26
The Slave Route New World Heritage Sites Quseir Amra and its fresco paintings Gunung Mulu National Park Jesuit Missions of Córdoba Old City of Acre
World Heritage Review n°26
The Renewal of Venice The Loire Valley a river with a human touch Quebec a New World Fortress The Seychelles a Tale of Two Edens Modern Cairo and its Islamic Heritage
World Heritage Review n°25
Modern Architecture Zanzibar Stone Town Ichkeul a wetland in search of water Trinidad de Cuba The Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz
World Heritage Review n°23
Sacred Mountains of the World Heritage Saint-Louis in Senegal a historical capital Tiwanaku on the shores of Lake Titicaca Morne Trois Pitons Ecotourism in the Caribbean Old Town Lunenburg colourful and traditional And also... ...
World Heritage Review n°22
Doñana, the Great Lady of European Nature The Alps and the Himalayas by Railway Bardejov, A Medieval Town to Discover Dazu, of the Ten Thousand Buddhas And also... World Heritage in Danger What is ICCROM? News
World Heritage Review n°21
Baroque Architecture in Latin America Tsingy de Bemaraha Saint-Emilion Megalithic Temples of Malta Shrines and Temples of Nikko And also... World Heritage in Danger What is ICCROM? News
World Heritage Review n°20
The Destruction of Bamyan The Netherlands Keeping Water at Bay Tres Serols Mont Perdu The Qadisha Valley Heritage Reclaimed The Greater St Lucia Wetland Park And also... Interview World Heritage in Danger News IUCN ...
World Heritage Review n°19
World Heritage Rock Art Sites Maidan Imam, Isfahan Verla Groundwood and Board Mill Ha Long Bay Kilwa Kisiwani And also... Working together for Heritage (ICOMOS) World Heritage in Danger News
World Heritage Review n°18
Budapest New World Heritage Sites Rapa Nui Vilnius St Kilda And also... News World Heritage in Danger
World Heritage Review n°16
Luang Prabang Roman Art in Africa The Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks Skogskyrkogarden Painted Churches of Moldavia And also... News Uxmal, historical and cultural legacy of the Mayas
World Heritage Review n°15
Paris, the Banks of the Seine Ch'Angdokkung Palace The Valdés Peninsula The Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar And also... Interview with the UNESCO Director-General News Historic Town of Tallinn
World Heritage Review n°13
Classical Gardens of Suzhou Timbuktu Biosphere Reserves Monastery of Guadalupe Sub-Antarctic Islands And also... Virtual Reality News
World Heritage Review n°12
Romanesque Art in the World Heritage The Solovetsky Islands Old City of Galle Tikal, the Centre of the Mayan World Saint Gall Convent And also... Dja Faunal Reserve News
World Heritage Review n°10
Istanbul Malbork Castle Dougga-Thugga Serra da Capivara Temple of the Sun in Konârak And also... New World Heritage Sites Senegal's World Heritage News
World Heritage Review n°7
Pompeii and Herculaneum The Moghal Gardens Lake Baikal Las Médulas Querétaro And also... Site of Greenwich Interview with Prof. Francesco Francioni Panama's World Heritage News
World Heritage Review n°6
Salzburg The Iguazu / Iguaçu Falls Islands: Living Laboratories Island of Mozambique The Lapponian Area And also... An Interview with Antonio Bassolino New World Heritage Sites Photo prize winners News
World Heritage Review n°5
A trek to Sagarmatha Old City of Havana Coral Reefs The Canal du Midi Yellowstone National Park And also... An Interview with Christophe Charpentier Secrets of the Sea World Heritage and Tourism News Have ...
World Heritage Review n°4
Holy Sites in India Galapagos Islands Tropical Rain Forests Mount Athos Lalibela And also... Interview with Galo Leoro Franco New World Heritage Sites The World Heritage Convention in Action News
World Heritage Review n°3
Brasilia Mana-Pools Bergen and the Hanseatic Towns The Volcanoes on the World Heritage List Sana'a And also... Interview with leoh Ming Pei and Jean Lebrat News Cities for small planet
World Heritage Review n°2
Manu National Park The Medina of Marrakech High Mountain Areas Industry and the World Heritage Borobudur And also... Interview with Ismail Serageldin Cultural Landscapes News
Quarterly magazine published jointly in English, French and Spanish, by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Paris, France and Publishing For Development Ltd., London, United Kingdom.Editorial Director: Mechtild Rössler (Director, UNESCO World Heritage Centre) Managing Editor: Vesna Vujicic-Lugassy Editors: Helen Aprile, Gina Doubleday Co-Publisher: Richard Forster Production Editor: Caroline Fort Copy Editors: Cathy Nolan (English), Chantal Lyard (French), Luisa Futoransky (Spanish) Editorial Board: ICCROM: Joseph King, ICOMOS: Regina Durighello, IUCN: Tim Badman, UNESCO World Heritage Centre: Nada Al Hassan, Isabelle Anatole-Gabriel, Feng Jing, Edmond Moukala, Mauro Rosi, Petya Totcharova, UNESCO Publishing: Ian Denison Editorial Assistant: Barbara Blanchard Advertising: Efrén Calatrava, Fernando Ortiz, Fadela Seddini, Peter Warren